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Hankache, W.; Caux, S.; Hissel, D.; Fadel, M.; , Simplified electrical model tuned for actual controlled PEMFC, Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2006. VPPC ’06. IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-6, 6-8 Sept. 2006
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Hernandez, A.; Hissel, D.; Outbib, R.; , Fuel cell fault diagnosis: A stochastic approach, Industrial Electronics, 2006 IEEE International Symposium on , vol.3, no., pp.1984-1989, 9-13 July 2006
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D. Candusso, F. Harel, A. De Bernardinis, X. François, M.C. Péra, D. Hissel, P. Schott, G. Coquery, J.-M. Kauffmann, Characterisation and modelling of a 5kW PEMFC for transportation applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 31, Issue 8, July 2006, Pages 1019-1030, ISSN 0360-3199, 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2005.11.010.


James Garnier, Alexandre De Bernardinis, Marie-Cécile Péra, Daniel Hissel, Denis Candusso, Jean-Marie Kauffmann, Gérard Coquery, Study of a PEFC power generator modular architecture based on a multi-stack association, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 156, Issue 1, 19 May 2006, Pages 108-113, ISSN 0378-7753, 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.08.031.


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C.Brahim, A. Ringuedé, E.Gourba, M. Cassir, A. Billard, P. Briois, Electrical properties of thin bilayered YSZ/GDC SOFC electrolyte elaborated by sputtering, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 156, special issue, 2006 pages 45-49, ISSN: 03787753, 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.08.017.

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The Alabama Symphony Orchestra can trace its beginnings to 1921, when on Friday, April 29, fifty two volunteer musicians joined to perform at the Birmingham Music Festival at the Old Jefferson Theater. It was not until 1933, however, that the orchestra gave its first « formal » concert when the Birmingham Music Club presented the orchestra, under the direction of Dorsey Whittington, at Phillips High School. Steiner was installed as president. With a budget of wholesale jerseys $7,000, four concerts were planned for its first season. By the 1935 36 season, the orchestra had as many as eighty players, and a budget of $410,000. A full rehearsal cost $100 and guest artists’ fees were low by today’s standards the renowned composer pianist, Percy Grainger, was paid $350 for his appearance with the orchestra in October 1939.
Symphony concerts continued throughout the 1930s with enthusiastic public acceptance, including open air concerts in Avondale Park on Sunday afternoons. In 1942, American involvement in World War II put a temporary stop to these auspicious beginnings. After the end of the war, community interest in a revival of the Symphony Association continued, culminating in an editorial in the Age Herald on September 14, 1948: « Birmingham needs a symphony orchestra. A city of this size, with a stirring musical life, needs an orchestra of symphonic size as a crown to its efforts » Shortly thereafter, the Civic Symphony Association was reactivated and began the task of rebuilding the orchestra.
In April 1949, Arthur Bennett Lipkin became the orchestra’s second conductor. Lipkin had been a conductor of suburban orchestras on Philadelphia’s Main Line, a violinist in the Philadelphia Orchestra and president of the American Orchestra League. Warmly recommended by Eugene Ormandy, Lipkin conducted his first concert on November 1, 1949. This was followed by four other concerts during that 1949 50 season with Dorsey Whittington, the orchestra’s first conductor, appearing as soloist in the fourth concert, playing Beethoven’s Third Piano Concerto.
In 1951, the orchestra began its long association with the Festival of Arts. There were several support groups formed in these early years. The Vanguards, a group mostly of young couples, produced its own magazine and published the concert programs. Another support group, the Symphonettes, was organized in October 1954. It later changed its name to the Symphony League.
1956 1979: Early Growth
In 1956, the orchestra changed its name to the Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and became fully professional. Up until that time some of its musicians had been paid weekly salaries, some by the rehearsal or concert, and some remained strictly amateur. Growth continued throughout the fifties and it was during this time that the Youth Orchestra was founded under the direction of Herbert wholesale nfl jerseys Levinson, symphony concertmaster. Shortly afterwards, a training orchestra of younger players from elementary and junior high schools was begun as a feeder for the Youth Orchestra.
Arthur Lipkin retired in 1960 and was succeeded by Arthur Winograd, who led the orchestra for the next four years. Before coming to Birmingham, Winograd had been a member of the faculty of the Juilliard School of Music, had conducted several orchestras in the United States and Europe and was a founding member of the Juilliard String Quartet.
In 1964, the fourth music director and conductor, Amerigo Marino, was appointed. Marino came to Birmingham from Southern California where he had been composer/conductor of the CBS Radio and Television Orchestra, as well as first violinist with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra. The year before, in 1963, Marino was one of four winners out of a field of 200 of the Ford Foundation Conductors Project.
1966 was a noteworthy year for the orchestra. First, it was chosen as one of thirty three in the nation to receive a conditional grant of $600,000 from the Ford Foundation. Payable over a ten year period, the grant required the orchestra to raise a matching amount. A dedicated group of volunteers raised the match in record time. In the same year, the Birmingham Symphony Orchestra absorbed the Alabama Pops Orchestra, which had Walter Moeck as its conductor.
The Alabama Symphony Orchestra celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in 1983 with eight regular series concerts, eight Pops concerts, fourteen concerts throughout Alabama, and a special annual fund concert featuring the renowned violinist Isaac Stern.
In a highly publicized move, the Alabama Symphony Association canceled the orchestra’s 1984 85 concert season. There was simply not enough money available to continue to operate one of the finest musical organizations in the Southeast. The community responded immediately. A « Save the Symphony » Committee was formed by the Young Men’s Business Club and, with an aggressive fund drive, over $120,000 was raised and the 1984 85 season was mounted. In addition, a new three year contract was signed between the Association and the musicians.
In 1985, Paul Polivnick was named the new music director/conductor of the ASO after a year search, which attracted outstanding applicants from around the world.
Unfortunately, again facing difficulties, in 1993 the orchestra declared bankruptcy, bringing an abrupt and sad ending to the sixty five year history of the Alabama Symphony Orchestra. Almost as soon as it disbanded, Michael McGillivray, a musician representing many of the musicians, approached volunteers Rae Trimmier and Joan Parker to discuss the future of the orchestra. Through the combined efforts of many musicians and volunteers, a plan was devised to ensure that the orchestra would not be gone for long. Ten Birmingham women guaranteed a loan from SouthTrust Bank for the purchase of the orchestra’s tangible assets. They continued to present the Decorators’ Showhouse, the profits of which are donated to the Symphony’s endowment fund. Birmingham’s business leaders sought financial support from state and local governments and worked with the business community to renew interest in financial support for the future new Symphony.
The orchestra’s financial prospects improved dramatically when Mr. Elton B. Stephens joined the rebirth efforts in 1994 and accepted the position of Chairman of the Board of Directors. Mr. Stephens, with the help of many dedicated volunteers, set out to achieve the daunting task of raising funds for both operating expenses and an endowment. Under his leadership, the board devised a no debt policy and began soliciting gifts to build a $10 million Endowment Fund and a $5 million Operating Fund.
These efforts were further validated when Dr. Charles A. « Scotty » McCallum, former president of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, accepted the position of the President of the Board of Directors. Mr. Stephens, Dr. McCallum and the board of directors prepared budgets and operating plans. A contract with the musicians’ union was negotiated and accepted.
After these initial steps were taken to ensure the Symphony’s return, the board began working to put together a full time staff to run the Symphony. Hired in 1995 as the Director of Development, Kathy Yarbrough was the first full time staff person employed by the Alabama Symphonic Association. Gustav Meier was retained as Artistic Advisor to organize the orchestra’s inaugural season and Douglas Gerhart was hired to serve as the Executive Director.
The musicians of the previous orchestra were invited back to the new organization. Eventually forty eight full time musicians were hired to form the core of the ASO. A decision was made to hire additional musicians on a pay for service basis initially with a plan to add additional full time musicians over time.
1997 Present: Expansion Future Plans
In just four years, the rebirth of the Symphony was a success. The first notes of the new Alabama Symphony Orchestra were played on September 11, 1997, under the leadership of Artistic Advisor Gustav Meier and Principal Conductor Mark Gibson. An international search for a music director began in 1997, concluding with the appointment of Maestro Richard Westerfield to the post. Mr. Westerfield’s impressive credentials included positions as music director of the Harrisburg Symphony and as associate conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra under world renowned conductor Seiji Ozawa.
During Mr. Westerfield’s six year tenure as music director, the Alabama Symphony Orchestra flourished under his baton, displaying artistic excellence and operating in financial stability. Maestro Westerfield received critical and audience acclaim for his interpretation of a broad repertoire of classical compositions, with an emphasis on choral and baroque works. He concluded his leadership of the ASO with Mahler’s mighty « Resurrection » Symphony on the Jemison Hall concert stage of the Alys Stephens Center in May 2004.
The ASO inaugurated a search for its new Music Director with the 2004 2005 season. Concert audiences had the opportunity to hear and see some of the world’s most talented conductors during the two year search process. In the 2004 2005 season, Christopher Confessore also began to lead the ASO in many performances throughout the state as resident conductor of the ASO. Mr. Confessore, who currently serves as music director of the Brevard Symphony Orchestra in Melbourne, Florida, joined the Alabama Symphony Orchestra in 2000 as associate conductor.2) The idea is that the top rated comment within 24 hours must be completed or answered, but you welcome to complete or answer as many truth or dares as you want. The final call is up to you. We not your mom.
3) There are two ways you can complete a truth or dare. You can either create a new post in which you answer or prove a question or dare with a video or picture(s). If you do this, put [PROOF] at the beginning of your title and a link to your original post in the comments. You can also post your proof in the original post, but unless the mods are able to find it and deem it noteworthy, you won receive your deserved flair (or any sweet, sweet link karma).
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close this windowyou’ll need to login or register to do thatcreate a new accountall it takes is a username and password.Telling the truth is something that your children can benefit from all the way through adolescence and into adulthood. Start by telling two lies and a truth. Point to your head and say, « This is my foot. » Eat a cookie and say, « I did not eat a cookie. » Then make a true statement. Have the children sit in a circle. Pick one child and have them say two false statements and one true statement. The group votes on which they think is a lie and which is true. This activity continues until everyone has had a chance. Talk about the truths and the lies and explain how being truthful is better than telling a lie. Read Psalms 34:13 aloud.
Preteens are at an age where everything seems to be rapidly changing and are at a time when friendships and peers have more influence than ever. Avoiding the negative effects of peer pressure is a skill that can take some practice and education. If you child knows ways to handle tricky situations there is a better chance that he or she will make the right decision when faced with peer pressure. Talk about what you consider right and wrong to help your child recognize the differences. Role play examples of possible situations the children may find themselves in. Read Ephesians 5:1 20 aloud. These Bible verses can be used to emphasize that we should try to imitate Godly actions.
Young children can learn about doing what is right even when they see others doing wrong. Use the story of Noah and the Ark for this activity. Explain that Noah lived during a time where many people were doing bad things. God told Noah to build an Ark. Because Noah loved God, he obeyed the commandment. Read the passage found in Genesis 6:8 9 aloud. Explain how God blessed Noah because he did what was right.
Print or draw an Ark template and cut it out for your preschoolers. Give each child a piece of blue paper. Provide several paper plates with thinned blue acrylic or poster paint. Have each child dip a paintbrush in the paint and flick it to make rain on the paper. Help them glue the Ark on after the paint has dried. Color the Ark and then glue on animal crackers or animal pictures.
Stealing is another immoral activity that God forbids and is a vital moral lesson to learn. The Biblical story of Zacchaeus tells of many tax collectors who were stealing from the money they collected for the taxes. Read Luke 19:3 10 out loud. Have the children make a « Zacchaeus » tree craft. Each student should draw a large trunk with branches on white paper. Give them cut squares of different colored tissue paper. Have them wad up one end of the paper and glue it on the tree. When the tree is finished, it will be full of color. Explain how God expects us not to steal and to change when we are doing bad things. Then talk about how when we obey God, he blesses us.
Activities for Teaching Moral Development
Activities for Teaching Moral Development. Parents and teachers hope to instill solid morals, manners and character traits in their children. While a.
Children Moral Stories
Children Moral Stories. When kids read stories that teach them moral lessons, the children learn the value of sharing, telling the truth.
Crafts Activities for Kids About the Constellations
Crafts Activities for Kids About the Constellations. Steal an opportunity to bond with your children and head outside for a walk.
Youth Bible Study Activities on Peer Pressure
Parents, teachers and counselors express real concern about the effect of peer pressure on children and youth. While negative peer pressure can.
Ideas for Teaching the Bible: Joseph for Kids
Joseph life provides rich examples of relevant Christian character to teach children. It illustrates how God can use what may seem like. Christian educators have an obligation to teach their classroom about morality, while public school educations might want to emphasize.
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